In March 1979, Hong Kong Governor Murray MacLehose made his first official visit to the People`s Republic of China (PRC) and took the initiative to pose deng Xiaoping on the issue of Hong Kong sovereignty.  In the absence of clarification and definition of the official position of the Government of the PRC, the intermediation of real estate leases and credit agreements in Hong Kong would be difficult over the next 18 years.  The UK has taken control of parts of Hong Kong territory through three treaties concluded after the Opium Wars with Qing China: in June 2020, after the passage of the National Security Act, which introduced new legislative power to Hong Kong, the BBC and Reuters reported that certain crimes listed in the law were seen by critics as a restriction of the freedom of expression and a serious violation of the Sino-British. Joint Declaration. without mentioning or providing a particular section or section of the Act itself. In response, the British Conservative government proposed extending the rights of Hong Kong residents as British nationals to certain people. Prime Minister condemns new security law and promises tailor-made visa for 2.9 million Hong Kongers The Sino-British joint statement itself has no mechanism approved by both sides to ensure compliance. Although the Agreement is registered with the United Nations, it did not contain any monitoring mechanism by the United Nations. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to assert possible violations of the conditions. The Sino-British joint statement consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on the basic policy regarding Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and country leases, as well as the two memoranda of the two sides. Each party has the same status and “The whole constitutes a formal international agreement that is legally binding in all its parts. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states.  In these statements, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Zone reports directly to the central government of the people of the PRC and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defense. . . .